Ocimum basilicum (annual herb)
The word basil comes from the Greek word βασιλεύς (basileus) which means king.
Soil and water: Basil likes rich and well drained soil. Water frequently.
Tip for the Nomad: Plant basil on opposite side to a low water need plant like oregano and only water the basil. The low water need plant will take what is left over from mint.
Sun: Basil prefers a minimum of 6 hours a day of direct light and a warm climate, ideally more than 70 °F (21 °C) during the day and no colder than 50 °F (10 °C) at night.
Harvest: When the plant matures, pinch off the top two pairs of leaves once a stalk reaches a reasonable height. Don't pinch on the lower part of the stem, or the basil plants will grow tall and reedy.
- DNA Protection & Anti-Bacterial Properties
- Cardiovascular Health
Vitamin K, manganese, copper, Vitamin A & C, Calcium, iron, folate, magnesium, omega 3 fats
Used for italian dishes like tomato sauces, pestos, caprese salad, and even in deserts (basil ice cream or panna cotta)!
There are many varieties basil. Sweet basil refers usually to the type used in Italian food. Thai basil, lemon basil and holy basil are used in Asian dishes.